The Himalayan nation of Bhutan has taken the lead on measuring gross national happiness (GNH), a concept developed by one of their kings in 1972. The four pillars of GNH are sustainable development, preservation and promotion of cultural values, conservation of the natural environment, and establishment of good governance.
A government report written in 2011 suggested that Bhutan was well on its way to meet its 22 gross national happiness goals. According to the report, Bhutan has reduced poverty, hunger and inequality. But challenges still remain in the area of unemployment, especially for young people. There’s more safe drinking water, and improvements to sanitation, and overall child and maternal health are better. The report also says that gender parity at the primary and secondary school levels has been achieved, but adult literacy still only remains at about half of the population. To read more about the report, please click here.